Acid-neutralizing activity during amino acid fermentation by Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Fusobacterium nucleatum

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acid-neutralizing activity during amino acid fermentation by washed cells of Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Fusobacterium nucleatum was studied. When the washed cells of these strains were anaerobically incubated in the presence of aspartylaspartic acid or glutamylglutamic acid for P. gingivalis, aspartic acid for P. intermedia and glutamic acid for F. nucleatum at an initial pH of 5.0 or 5.5, the pH of the incubation mixtures rose toward neutral. F. nucleatum had the highest acid-neutralizing activity, followed by P. intermedia and P. gingivalis. The P. intermedia and F. nucleatum cells were used to measure the amounts of base produced at a fixed pH of 5.0. These cells generated significant amounts of base at pH 5.0 along with the production of organic acids and ammonia from aspartic or glutamic acid. Acid-base balance theoretically calculated from the amounts of consumed substrate and end products implies that the acid-neutralizing activity was derived from the decrease in acidity during the fermentation of amino acid into organic acids and ammonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-113
Number of pages5
JournalOral Microbiology and Immunology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr

Keywords

  • Acid-neutralizing activity
  • Amino acid fermentation
  • Fusobacterium nucleatum
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Prevotella intermedia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)

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