Aspergillus oryzae protyrosinase (pro-TY) has a unique feature that the proenzyme is activated under conditions of acidic pH. The pro-TY was inactive at pH 7.0. The latent enzyme was activated at pH 3.0, and was slightly activated by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). The molecular masses of the pro-TY and acid-activated tyrosinase (acid-TY) were 266 and 165 kDa, respectively, as estimated by gel-filtration chromatography. The CD spectra showed that the tertiary and/or quaternary structure was changed after the acid activation. On the basis of these results, we deduce that the intersubunit polar interaction is disrupted at pH 3.0, and that the tetrameric pro-TY dissociates to dimers. Tryptophan fluorescence spectra and binding assay of 8-anilino-1-naphthalene sulfonic acid (ANS) suggested that hydrophobic amino acid residues of the active site were exposed to solvent after acid treatment. It was likely that Cys108 formed an intermolecular disulfide bond between the subunits of dimeric acid-TY. The dimerization of acid-TY involving the intermolecular disulfide bond is essential for the activity.
- Acid activation
- Conformational change
- Intermolecular disulfide bond
- Polar interaction
- Quaternary structure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)