Accurate quantification of urinary metabolites for predictive models manifest clinicopathology of renal cell carcinoma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using surgically resected tissue, we identified characteristic metabolites related to the diagnosis and malignant status of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Specifically, we quantified these metabolites in urine samples to evaluate their potential as clinically useful noninvasive biomarkers of ccRCC. Between January 2016 and August 2018, we collected urine samples from 87 patients who had pathologically diagnosed ccRCC and from 60 controls who were patients with benign urological conditions. Metabolite concentrations in urine samples were investigated using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with an internal standard and adjustment based on urinary creatinine levels. We analyzed the association between metabolite concentration and predictability of diagnosis and of malignant status by multiple logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to establish ccRCC predictive models. Of the 47 metabolites identified in our previous study, we quantified 33 metabolites in the urine samples. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed 5 metabolites (l-glutamic acid, lactate, d-sedoheptulose 7-phosphate, 2-hydroxyglutarate, and myoinositol) for a diagnostic predictive model and 4 metabolites (l-kynurenine, l-glutamine, fructose 6-phosphate, and butyrylcarnitine) for a predictive model for clinical stage III/IV. The sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic predictive model were 93.1% and 95.0%, respectively, yielding an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.966. The sensitivity and specificity of the predictive model for clinical stage were 88.5% and 75.4%, respectively, with an AUC of 0.837. In conclusion, quantitative analysis of urinary metabolites yielded predictive models for diagnosis and malignant status of ccRCC. Urinary metabolites have the potential to be clinically useful noninvasive biomarkers of ccRCC to improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2570-2578
Number of pages9
JournalCancer science
Volume111
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jul 1

Keywords

  • biomarker
  • metabolomics
  • predictive model
  • renal cell carcinoma
  • urinary metabolite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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