Discussion on the structure of the water surface relies on accurate determination of the χ(2) spectrum. For obtaining accurate χ(2) spectrum of the air/water interface in the OH stretch region, we performed heterodyne-detected vibrational sum-frequency generation measurements with a high phase accuracy, and also examined the validity of the phase and amplitude calibration using different non-resonant materials. In contrast to the previous reports, it was concluded that the imaginary part of the χ(2) spectrum of the air/water interface does not exhibit noticeable positive resonance in the low frequency region within the experimental error. This result urges us to reconsider the structure of the air/water interface based on the accurate χ(2) spectrum.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry