Accumulation of plasma cells expressing CXCR3 in the synovial sublining regions of early rheumatoid arthritis in association with production of Mig/CXCL9 by synovial fibroblasts

T. Tsubaki, S. Takegawa, H. Hanamoto, N. Arita, J. Kamogawa, H. Yamamoto, N. Takubo, S. Nakata, K. Yamada, S. Yamamoto, O. Yoshie, Masato Nose

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60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accumulation of plasma cells in the synovium is one of the diagnostic hallmarks in the histopathological manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This seems to be prominent even prior to significant B cell infiltration and/or formation of lymphoid follicles in the synovium. To clarify the mechanism of early plasma cell accumulation, we examined in situ expression of chemokines and their receptors using synovial targeting biopsy specimens, which were obtained under arthroscopy from early RA patients. By immunohistochemical staining, plasma cells were found to express a chemokine receptor CXCR3, while synovial fibroblasts in the synovial sublining regions expressed its ligand, Mig/CXCL9. By reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), using targeted lesions of synovial tissues obtained by laser capture microdissection, expression levels of Mig/CXCL9 in the synovial sublining regions were remarkably high and were likely to be associated with interferon (IFN)-γ expression. Furthermore, cultured synovial fibroblasts were confirmed to produce Mig/CXCL9 upon stimulation with IFN-γ. Our results indicate that in the early stage of RA, plasma cells expressing CXCR3 may be recruited directly from the circulation into the synovial sublining regions by its ligand, Mig/CXCL9, produced by synovial fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug

Keywords

  • Chemokine receptors
  • Chemokines
  • Gene expression
  • Histopathology
  • Microdissection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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