Fusion reactions 6Li(d,α)4He and 2H(d,p )3H were measured in liquid Li. An ultrasonic target system was developed to form acoustic cavitation bubbles in liquid Li as an additional target. The material uncertainties of the target surface, which have been noted in solid target experiments, were completely rejected because contaminants could be removed in the liquid phase. The Li+d reaction was not affected by the cavitation process, and the derived screening potential was U s=543±38(sta.) -153+83(sys.) eV. This value can be explained by ionic Debye screening if liquid Li is regarded as a low-temperature dense plasma. The d+d reaction was found to be enhanced several times by Li cavitation, whereas the yield of the Li+d reaction remained constant; the ultrasonic effect depends strongly on the target conditions. The enhancement is caused not by Coulomb screening but by the high deuteron temperature in the cavity. The temperature was deduced from the energy dependence of the nuclear reaction enhancement rate as kTd=590±54(sta.) -457+676(sys.) eV. A kinematic analysis also yielded consistent results. Although no meaningful bubble fusion events were observed, extremely large reaction enhancements were occasionally observed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics