The physiologic and pharmacologic roles of the blood-arachnoid barrier (BAB) remain unclear. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to comprehensively evaluate and compare the absolute protein expression levels of transporters in the leptomeninges and plexus per cerebrum, and to determine the localizations of transporters at the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-facing and blood (dura)facing plasma membranes of the BAB in pig. Using multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1) and organic anion transporter (OAT) 1 as blood (dura)-facing and CSF-facing plasma membrane marker proteins, respectively, we established that breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) 4, organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP) 2B1, multidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1 (MATE1), and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) are localized at the blood-facing plasma membrane, and OAT3, peptide transporter (PEPT) 2, MRP3, organic cation transporter (OCT) 2, xCT, monocarboxylate transporter (MCT) 1, MCT4, and MCT8 are localized at the CSF-facing plasma membrane of the BAB. The absolute protein expression levels of OAT1, OAT3, MDR1, BCRP, PEPT2, xCT, MATE1, OCT2, and 4f2hc in the whole BAB surrounding the entire cerebrum were much larger than those in the total of the choroid plexuses forming the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB). Although MRP4, OATP2B1, MCT8, GLUT1, and MCT1 were also statistically significantly more abundant in the BAB than in the choroid plexuses per porcine cerebrum, these transporters were nevertheless almost equally distributed between the two barriers. In contrast, OATP1A2, MRP1, OATP3A1, and OCTN2 were specifically expressed in the choroid plexus. These results should be helpful in understanding the relative overall importance of transport at the BAB compared with that at the BCSFB, as well as the rank order of transport capacities among different transporters at the BAB, and the directions of transport mediated by individual transporters. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT We found that BCRP, MRP4, OATP2B1, MATE1, and GLUT1 localize at the blood-facing plasma membrane of the blood-arachnoid barrier (BAB), while OAT3, PEPT2, MRP3, OCT2, xCT, MCT1, MCT4, and MCT8 localize at the CSF-facing plasma membrane. 4F2hc is expressed in both membranes. For OAT1, OAT3, MDR1, BCRP, PEPT2, xCT, MATE1, OCT2, and 4f2hc, the absolute protein expression levels in the whole BAB surrounding the entire cerebrum are much greater than the total amounts in the choroid plexuses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science