Abstraction of graph-based models of bio-molecular reaction systems for efficient simulation

Ibuki Kawamata, Nathanael Aubert, Masahiro Hamano, Masami Hagiya

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We propose a technique to simulate molecular reaction systems efficiently by abstracting graph models. Graphs (or networks) and their transitions give rise to simple but powerful models for molecules and their chemical reactions. Depending on the purpose of a graph-based model, nodes and edges of a graph may correspond to molecular units and chemical bonds, respectively. This kind of model provides naive simulations of molecular reaction systems by applying chemical kinetics to graph transition. Such naive models, however, can immediately cause a combinatorial explosion of the number of molecular species because combination of chemical bonds is usually unbounded, which makes simulation intractable. To overcome this problem, we introduce an abstraction technique to divide a graph into local structures. New abstracted models for simulating DNA hybridization systems and RNA interference are explained as case studies to show the effectiveness of our abstraction technique. We then discuss the trade-off between the efficiency and exactness of our abstracted models from the aspect of the number of structures and simulation error. We classify molecular reaction systems into three groups according to the assumptions on reactions. The first one allows efficient and exact abstraction, the second one allows efficient but approximate abstraction, and the third one does not reduce the number of structures by abstraction. We conclude that abstraction is a useful tool to analyze complex molecular reaction systems and measure their complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Methods in Systems Biology - 10th International Conference, CMSB 2012, Proceedings
Pages187-206
Number of pages20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 30
Externally publishedYes
Event10th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, CMSB 2012 - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 2012 Oct 32012 Oct 5

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume7605 LNBI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, CMSB 2012
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period12/10/312/10/5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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