A water-soluble fullerene vesicle alleviates angiotensin II-induced oxidative stress in human umbilical venous endothelial cells

Rui Maeda, Eisei Noiri, Hiroyuki Isobe, Tatsuya Homma, Tamami Tanaka, Kousuke Negishi, Kent Doi, Toshiro Fujita, Eiichi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A water-soluble fullerene vesicle based on the Buckminsterfullerene molecule (Ph5C50K, denoted as PhK) was explored to determine its effects on anti-oxidation of human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC) exposed to exogenous and endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hydrogen peroxide 0.05-0.25 mmol/L remarkably reduced the cellular viability of HUVEC. This reduction in viability was markedly improved when PhK 0.01-1 μmol/L was added simultaneously to the culture medium. The reduction of viability in HUVEC induced by anglotensin II (AII) 10-9 to 10-7 mol/L was improved by pretreatment with PhK 0.1 or 10 μmol/L 12 h before All stimulation. The ROS indicator CM-H2DCFDA demonstrated the efficacy of PhK 1 or 10 μmol/L in decreasing All-induced ROS production to the level induced by the All receptor blocker RNH-6470 20 μmol/L. The All-induced peroxynitrite formation, as gauged using hydroxyphenyl fluorescein as a probe, was alleviated significantly by either pretreatment with PhK 0.1 or 1 μmol/L. Electron microscopy revealed intracellular localization of PhK in HUVEC after 12 h incubation. The PhK decreased the All-induced apoptosis and lipid peroxidation processes as revealed by hexanoyl-lysine adduct formation. These observations show that the PhK water-soluble fullerene vesicle is promising as a compound controlling not only exogenous ROS, but also endogenous All-mediated pathophysiological conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
JournalHypertension Research
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Endothelial cells
  • Nano-compound
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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