A water-soluble fullerene vesicle based on the Buckminsterfullerene molecule (Ph5C50K, denoted as PhK) was explored to determine its effects on anti-oxidation of human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVEC) exposed to exogenous and endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS). Hydrogen peroxide 0.05-0.25 mmol/L remarkably reduced the cellular viability of HUVEC. This reduction in viability was markedly improved when PhK 0.01-1 μmol/L was added simultaneously to the culture medium. The reduction of viability in HUVEC induced by anglotensin II (AII) 10-9 to 10-7 mol/L was improved by pretreatment with PhK 0.1 or 10 μmol/L 12 h before All stimulation. The ROS indicator CM-H2DCFDA demonstrated the efficacy of PhK 1 or 10 μmol/L in decreasing All-induced ROS production to the level induced by the All receptor blocker RNH-6470 20 μmol/L. The All-induced peroxynitrite formation, as gauged using hydroxyphenyl fluorescein as a probe, was alleviated significantly by either pretreatment with PhK 0.1 or 1 μmol/L. Electron microscopy revealed intracellular localization of PhK in HUVEC after 12 h incubation. The PhK decreased the All-induced apoptosis and lipid peroxidation processes as revealed by hexanoyl-lysine adduct formation. These observations show that the PhK water-soluble fullerene vesicle is promising as a compound controlling not only exogenous ROS, but also endogenous All-mediated pathophysiological conditions.
- Endothelial cells
- Reactive oxygen species
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine