Attempts were made to infect human vascular smooth muscle cells derived from the pulmonary artery (hPASMC) with two different human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vector systems. ADA/Luc or HXB2/Luc were generated by cotransfection of luciferase reporter gene vector, pNL4-3-Luc-E-R-, and one of two envelope expressing vectors, pSMADA (R5) or pSMHXB2 (X4). The VSV-G/Luc or VSV-G/GFP were produced by a three-plasmid expression system which consisted of vesicular stomatitis virus G protein (VSVG) expressing vector, packaging plasmid, and one of two reporter genes (pHR'-CMV-Luc or pHR'-CMV-GFP). We used hPASMC, U87.CD4.CCR5 and U87.CD4.CXCR4 for infection. Neither ADA/Luc nor HXB2/Luc could infect hPASMC, though they could infect U87.CD4 with corresponding coreceptors. On the other hand, the transduction of both VSV-G/Luc and VSV-G/GFP to hPASMC was remarkable. At day 3, the relative proportion of positive cells of hPASMC infected with VSV-G/GFP was 15%. The above finding indicates a direct role of HIV-1 infection in pulmonary hypertension 'a rare complication of HIV-1 infection' and HIV-based vectors could introduce foreign genes into hPASMC for gene therapy of pulmonary hypertension.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||MICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Dec|
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Smooth muscle cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas