The clinical use of platinum drugs as anticancer agents has encountered problems when relating pharmacokinetic profiles with efficacy and toxicity is attempted. This has been mainly due to the lack of specific and sensitive analytical methodology to examine concentrations of the unbound drug in plasma. The presence of a carbocyclic ring on the new drug, cis-amminedichloro(2-methylpyridine)platinum(II) (ZD0473) suggested that it would be possible to develop the first stable isotope dilution LC/MS assay for a platinum drug in human plasma ultrafiltrate samples. The dichloro form of the drug exists in equilibrium with at least two aquated forms in plasma. The molecular form of the drug, therefore, depends on the length of time that the plasma sample is maintained at room temperature before freezing. Therefore, we have developed a method that quantitatively converts the aquated species back to the dichloro form of the parent drug so that a single molecular species can be analyzed. Selected reaction monitoring was performed on the transition of m/z 393 [M + NH4]+ to m/z 304 [M + NH4 - NH3 - 2 × HCl]+ for ZD0473, and m/z 400 [M + NH4]+ to m/z 310 [M + NH4 - NH3 - HCl - 2HCl]+ for [2H7]ZD0473. The standard curves were fitted to a quadratic regression over the range from 10 to 5000 ng/mL in human plasma ultrafiltrate. The lower limit of quantitation for ZD0473 was 10 ng/mL for 100 μL of plasma ultrafiltrate. This simple, rapid, reliable, and sensitive method of quantitation had excellent accuracy and precision. The method provided adequate sensitivity for the analysis of plasma ultrafiltrate samples from a phase II study in which ZD0473 was administered to patients as an intravenous infusion at a dose of 150 mg/m2.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry