A Unified Approach to the Optimal Synthesis of Fixed-Point State-Space Digital Filters

Masayuki Kawamata, Tatsuo Higuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes two expressions of the output error variance due to coefficient quantization of fixed-point state-space digital niters in the time domain. One is the deterministic approach, which gives precisely the output error variance of state-space digital filters. The other is the statistical approach, where the errors of coefficient quantization are assumed to be independent random variables. The statistical approach gives a simple and easy way to analyze the output error variance due to coefficient quantization of state-space digitalfilters. The statistical coefficient sensitivity introduced by the statistical approach is shown to be equivalent to the roundoff noise power gain. Thus, state-space digital filters which are optimal with respect to both coefficient sensitivity arid roundoff noise can be synthesized by the method of minimization of the roundoff noise. Such optimal state-space digital filters which could be of any order are proved to be free of autonomous overflow limit cycles. A numerical example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of the analysis of the output error variance due to coefficient quantization and the synthesis method proposed here.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-920
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing

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