A trial to restore defective human sperm centrosomal function

Soichi Nakamura, Yukihiro Terada, Vanesa Y. Rawe, Shigeki Uehara, Yuki Morito, Tomoko Yoshimoto, Masahito Tachibana, Takashi Murakami, Nobuo Yaegashi, Kunihiro Okamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In human fertilization, sperm centrosome function is essential for male and female pronuclear movement and fusion. In this study, we investigated the possibility of restoring human sperm centrosomal function in sperm exhibiting abnormalities in microtubule organization. Methods: Semen was obtained from both a fertile donor and a patient with dysplasia of the fibrous sheath (DFS). Following heterologous ICSI using human sperm, we examined microtubules and chromatin configuration in bovine oocytes. Sperm were treated with dithiothreitol (DTT) prior to ICSI, while the oocytes were treated with the cytoskeletal stabilizer paclitaxel after ICSI. Results: The combination of DTT and paclitaxel treatment induced microtubule organization in dead sperm from the fertile donor following heterologous ICSI. This treatment, however, was not effective for DFS sperm. In addition, expression of centrin, a protein functioning within the sperm centrosome, was reduced in DFS sperm from that of the normal levels observed in fertile donor sperm. Conclusion: These results indicate that sperm centrosomal function could be induced by the treatment of sperm with DTT before ICSI and of oocytes with paclitaxel after ICSI. DFS sperm are likely to exhibit such severe dysfunction of sperm centrosome that cannot be compensated for by this treatment; therefore, this method may be a practical way to discern the degree of sperm centrosomal dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1933-1937
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Reproduction
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jul

Keywords

  • Cytoskeleton
  • Drug
  • Fertilization
  • Infertility
  • Sperm centrosome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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    Nakamura, S., Terada, Y., Rawe, V. Y., Uehara, S., Morito, Y., Yoshimoto, T., Tachibana, M., Murakami, T., Yaegashi, N., & Okamura, K. (2005). A trial to restore defective human sperm centrosomal function. Human Reproduction, 20(7), 1933-1937. https://doi.org/10.1093/humrep/deh899