A TPD study of coal chars in relation to the catalysis of mineral matter

Takashi Kyotani, Shinji Karasawa, Akira Tomita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The steam gasification mechanism of brown coal was studied by a temperature-programmed desorption (TPD)technique. A Morwell coal was devolatilized in N2 and then gasified in steam at 1100 K. During the TPD of a partially gasified char, H2O, CO2 and CO evolved approximately at 640, 870 and 1020 K, respectively. The presence of mineral matter was found to be responsible for these gas evolutions, since essentially no gas evolution was observed during the TPD of the demineralized coal char. The comparison of the above TPD pattern with those determined for the cation-exchanged samples revealed which inorganic species is responsible for each TPD peak: H2O evolution was due to Ca; CO2 evolution to Ca and Mg; CO evolution to Na and/or Fe. The exchanged metal species like Ca and Na significantly catalysed the gasification reaction. The relation between the catalytic activity and TPD pattern was discussed in terms of surface oxygen complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1466-1469
Number of pages4
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1986 Oct


  • catalysis
  • gasification of coal
  • mineral matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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