A synthetic NOD2 agonist, muramyl dipeptide (MDP)-Lys (L18) and IFN-β synergistically induce dendritic cell maturation with augmented IL-12 production and suppress melanoma growth

Taku Fujimura, Kenshi Yamasaki, Takanori Hidaka, Yumiko Ito, Setsuya Aiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A synthetic NOD2 agonist, muramyl dipeptide (MDP)-Lys (L18), mimics the bacterial peptidoglycan moiety and acts as a powerful adjuvant that induces cell-mediated immunity. Objective: To investigate the induction of antitumor immune response for malignant melanoma by IFN-β in combination with MDP-Lys (L18) (IFN-MDP-Lys (L18)). Methods: Human monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs) are stimulated with IFN-MDP-Lys (L18) in vitro. We assess the expression of costimulatory molecules on MoDCs by FACS. Moreover, we investigate the induction of Th1 cytokines by real time PCR and ELISA. Further to confirm the anti tumor immune response of IFN-MDP-Lys (L18) therapy, we examine the growth of B16F10 melanoma in vivo. Results: The stimulation of human MoDCs with IFN-MDP-Lys (L18) significantly augmented the production of IL-12p70, TNF-α, and IL-6 compared to that with MDP or that with IFN-β alone. IFN-MDP-Lys (L18) increased the expression of IL-12p35, IL-12p40, IL-10, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β mRNA by MoDC using real-time PCR. The expression of CD83 and costimulatory molecules CD40, CD80, and CD86 was also augmented in MoDC treated with IFN-MDP-Lys (L18), which resulted in their augmented allogeneic T cell stimulation. In vivo, the administration of IFN-MDP-Lys (L18) significantly suppressed the growth of B16F10 melanoma, while the monotherapy of IFN-β or MDP-Lys (L18) did not significantly affect the tumor growth. Conclusion: These findings suggest that IFN-MDP-Lys (L18) can be a promising adjuvant therapy for malignant melanoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-115
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of dermatological science
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May

Keywords

  • IFN-β
  • Immunotherapy
  • MDP-Lys (L18)
  • Melanoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology

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