A Study on Actuators of the Artificial Muscular Type (Structure and Characteristics of Serial Parallel Types of Pneumatic Actuators)

Toshio Fukuda, Shu Xiang Guo, Jie Ren Wang, Kazuhiro Kosuge, Fumihito Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this paper, according to the viewpoint of bionics, we propose a new structure, an artificial muscular type of actuator, which is similar to living muscle. Using a rubber tube enveloped with fiber net, we created a single-fiber artificial muscle with several contraction units. We propose a new method for forming artificial muscle groups, in which multiple bunches of artificial muscle are used, and design a pneumatic system, which uses CO2 gas as the power source. Using the system, we measure various characteritsics and properties of the artificial muscle. The results indicated that this artificial muscle can effectively improve the contraction force, contraction rate, and load capacity. On the basis of characteristic measurement, we also designed a model for the artificial muscle, and obtained the relationship between pressure and contraction displacement. Experimental results show that the model of the artificial muscle is reasonable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2169-2176
Number of pages8
Journaltransactions of the japan society of mechanical engineers series c
Volume59
Issue number563
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Actuator
  • Artificial Muscle
  • Contraction Force
  • Fiber Net
  • Mechanism
  • Percentage of Contraction
  • Response Time
  • Robotics
  • Time Lag
  • Valve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A Study on Actuators of the Artificial Muscular Type (Structure and Characteristics of Serial Parallel Types of Pneumatic Actuators)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this