A study of unfavorable splits in the sagittal ramus osteotomy with a short lingual cut

N. Tomomatsu, N. Takahara, K. Nakakuki, A. Kimura, Y. Kurasawa, M. Terauchi, T. Yoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the bilateral sagittal split osteotomy, a short lingual cut is made on the medial side of the ramus; however, in some cases, a true fracture occurs on the buccal side of the ramus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the splitting pattern of the mandible and the form of the mandible, the surgical technique used, and the postoperative occurrence of relapse after ‘unfavorable’ splits. The investigation examined 143 patients in whom a short lingual cut was attempted. The rate of unfavorable split was 14.7% (42/286). A strong correlation was observed between the reach of the lateral bone cut to the inferior border of the mandible and an unfavorable split. According to multivariate regression, the factors leading to an insufficient lateral bone cut were the degree of inward curvature of the ramus (P = 0.001) and the position of the lateral bone cut (P = 0.002). There was no significant difference in relapse between cases of unfavorable and normal splits. An unfavorable split does not affect the prognosis of the occlusion, but it is important to confirm the inward curvature of the ramus and set the position of the lateral bone cut adequately to avoid unfavorable splits.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anatomical variation
  • bone fracture
  • orthognathic surgery
  • orthognathic surgical procedures
  • sagittal split ramus osteotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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