A spatial microsimulation approach to small area income estimation in Britain and Japan

Dimitris Ballas, Malcolm Campbell, Graham Clarke, Kazumasa Hanaoka, Tomoki Nakaya, Paul Waley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a spatial microsimulation modelling approach to the estimation of small area income distributions in two historic cities located in the island countries of Britain and Japan. In particular, it revisits relevant past research comparing the social geography of Edinburgh and Kyoto. First, the paper provides a brief overview of social and spatial inequalities in Britain and Japan and revisits recent debates according to which Japan is the most equitable society in terms of income compared with other industrialised countries and in particular compared with Britain. This is followed by a discussion of two spatial microsimulation models that were developed and used for the estimation of small area income distributions in Edinburgh and Kyoto. The paper discusses the data and modelling approaches underpinning the two models and argues that spatial microsimulation outputs can be used to paint a better picture of the social and economic geography in the two cities and to also provide an excellent basis for further analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-187
Number of pages25
JournalStudies in Regional Science
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 28

Keywords

  • Deterministic reweighting
  • Edinburgh
  • Kyoto
  • Simulated annealing
  • Small-area income data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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