A small nuclear acidic protein (MTI-II, Zn2+-binding protein, parathymosin) attenuates TNF-α inhibition of BMP-induced osteogenesis by enhancing accessibility of the Smad4-NF-κB p65 complex to Smad binding element

Shizu Hirata-Tsuchiya, Shigeki Suzuki, Kazuki Okamoto, Noriko Saito, Hang Yuan, Satoru Yamada, Eijiro Jimi, Hideki Shiba, Chiaki Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pro-inflammatory cytokines prevent bone regeneration in vivo and activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling has been proposed to lead to suppression of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-induced osteogenesis via direct binding of p65 to Smad4 in vitro. Application of a small nuclear acidic protein (MTI-II) and its delivered peptide, MPAID (MTI-II peptide anti-inflammatory drug) has been described to elicit therapeutic potential via strong anti-inflammatory action following the physical association of MTI-II and MPAID with p65. However, it is unclear whether MTI-II attenuates tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibition of BMP-induced osteogenesis. Herein, we found that TNF-α-mediated suppression of responses associated with BMP4-induced osteogenesis, including expression of the osteocalcin encoding gene Ocn, Smad binding element (SBE)-dependent luciferase activity, alkaline phosphatase activity, and alizarin red S staining were largely restored by MTI-II and MPAID in MC3T3-E1 cells. Mechanistically, MTI-II and MPAID did not inhibit nuclear translocation of p65 or disassociate Smad4 from p65. Further, results from chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analyses revealed that Smad4 enrichment in cells over-expressing MTI-II and treated with TNF-α was equivalent to that in cells without TNF-α treatment. Alternatively, Smad4 enrichment was considerably decreased following TNF-α treatment in control cells. Moreover, p65 enrichment in the Id-1 promoter SBE was detected only when cells over-expressing MTI-II were stimulated with TNF-α. Overall, our study concludes that MTI-II restored TNF-α-inhibited suppression of BMP-Smad-induced osteogenic differentiation by enhancing accessibility of the Smad4-p65 complex to the SBE rather than by liberating Smad4 from p65.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-142
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume469
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Inflammation
  • MTI-II
  • Osteogenesis
  • Smad4
  • p65

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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