A single-electron picture based on the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock method: Application to the anisotropic ionization and subsequent high-harmonic generation of the CO molecule

S. Ohmura, T. Kato, T. Oyamada, S. Koseki, H. Ohmura, H. Kono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanisms of anisotropic near-IR tunnel ionization and high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in a CO molecule are theoretically investigated by using the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) method developed for the simulation of multielectron dynamics of molecules. The multielectron dynamics obtained by numerically solving the equations of motion (EOMs) in the MCTDHF method is converted to a single orbital picture in the natural orbital representation where the first-order reduced density matrix is diagonalized. The ionization through each natural orbital is examined and the process of HHG is classified into different optical paths designated by a combinations of initial, intermediate and final natural orbitals. The EOMs for natural spin-orbitals are also derived within the framework of the MCTDHF, which maintains the first-order reduced density matrix to be a diagonal one throughout the time propagation of a many-electron wave function. The orbital dependent, time-dependent effective potentials that govern the dynamics of respective time-dependent natural orbitals are deduced from the derived EOMs, of which the temporal variation can be used to interpret the motion of the electron density associated with each natural spin-orbital. The roles of the orbital shape, multiorbital ionization, linear Stark effect and multielectron interaction in the ionization and HHG of a CO molecule are revealed by the effective potentials obtained. When the laser electric field points to the nucleus O from C, tunnel ionization from the C atom side is enhanced; a hump structure originating from multielectron interaction is then formed on the top of the field-induced distorted barrier of the HOMO effective potential. This hump formation, responsible for the directional anisotropy of tunnel ionization, restrains the influence of the linear Stark effect on the energy shifts of bound states.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034001
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 8

Keywords

  • effective potential
  • multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory
  • natural orbital
  • tunnel ionization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A single-electron picture based on the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock method: Application to the anisotropic ionization and subsequent high-harmonic generation of the CO molecule'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this