A simulation study on the mode conversion process from slow Z-mode to LO mode by the tunneling effect and variations of beaming angle

Mohammad Javad Kalaee, Yuto Katoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For a particular angle of incidence wave, it is possible for a slow Z-mode wave incident on an inhomogeneous plasma slab to be converted into an LO mode wave. But for another wave normal angle of the incident wave, it has been considered impossible, since an evanescence region exists between two mode branches. In this case we expect that the mode conversion takes place through the tunneling effect. We investigate the effect of the spatial scale of the density gradient on the mode conversion efficiency in an inhomogeneous plasma where the mode conversion can occur only by the tunneling effect. We use the computer simulation solving Maxwell's equations and the motion of a cold electron fluid. By considering the steepness of the density gradient, the simulation results show the efficient mode conversion could be expected even in the case that the mismatch of the refractive indexes prevents the close coupling of plasma waves. Also, we show for these cases the beaming angle does not correspond to Jones' formula. This effect leads to the angles larger and smaller than the angle estimated by the formula. This type of mode conversion process becomes important in a case where the different plasmas form a discontinuity at their contact boundary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2218-2223
Number of pages6
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume54
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Density gradient
  • LO mode
  • Mode conversion
  • Tunneling effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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