Schwarzites have a three-dimensional sp2 carbon structure with negative Gaussian curvatures. They can be synthesized through the deposition of carbon by chemical vapor deposition on a zeolite template and may be formed by increasing the amount of carbon. In this research, the amount of carbon deposition was increased by shortening the length of the diffusion pathways of the template through the use of nano-sized zeolite Y (nano-FAU). It was found that significantly larger quantities of carbon could be deposited inside the pores of nano-FAU (40 nm), compared to the micro-sized zeolite Y (300 nm). It is thus confirmed that by shortening the diffusion pathways enables more carbon to infiltrate into the center of the template before the pore channels are blocked, which leads to larger carbon depositions. A low acetylene gas concentration (15% vol in N2) and a prolonged period for chemical vapor deposition (6 h) is preferable for effectively loading carbon into the template. The obtained carbon replica exhibits the ordered structure derived from zeolite Y with an unprecedented 72 carbon atoms per supercage, of which a model with a structure similar to schwarzite was proposed.
- Chemical vapor deposition
- Zeolite Y
- Zeolite-templated carbon
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science (miscellaneous)