A set of functional brain networks for the comprehensive evaluation of human characteristics

Yul Wan Sung, Yousuke Kawachi, Uk Su Choi, Daehun Kang, Chihiro Abe, Yuki Otomo, Seiji Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many human characteristics must be evaluated to comprehensively understand an individual, and measurements of the corresponding cognition/behavior are required. Brain imaging by functional MRI (fMRI) has been widely used to examine brain function related to human cognition/behavior. However, few aspects of cognition/behavior of individuals or experimental groups can be examined through task-based fMRI. Recently, resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI) signals have been shown to represent functional infrastructure in the brain that is highly involved in processing information related to cognition/behavior. Using rs-fMRI may allow diverse information about the brain through a single MRI scan to be obtained, as rs-fMRI does not require stimulus tasks. In this study, we attempted to identify a set of functional networks representing cognition/behavior that are related to a wide variety of human characteristics and to evaluate these characteristics using rs-fMRI data. If possible, these findings would support the potential of rs-fMRI to provide diverse information about the brain. We used resting-state fMRI and a set of 130 psychometric parameters that cover most human characteristics, including those related to intelligence and emotional quotients and social ability/skill. We identified 163 brain regions by VBM analysis using regression analysis with 130 psychometric parameters. Next, using a 163 × 163 correlation matrix, we identified functional networks related to 111 of the 130 psychometric parameters. Finally, we made an 8-class support vector machine classifiers corresponding to these 111 functional networks. Our results demonstrate that rs-fMRI signals contain intrinsic information about brain function related to cognition/behaviors and that this set of 111 networks/classifiers can be used to comprehensively evaluate human characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number149
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume12
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 14

Keywords

  • Functional network
  • Human characteristics
  • Neuronal plasticity
  • Psychometric parameters
  • Resting-state fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A set of functional brain networks for the comprehensive evaluation of human characteristics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this