A semi-active suspension using a magnetorheological damper with nonlinear negative-stiffness component

J. Yang, D. Ning, S. S. Sun, J. Zheng, H. Lu, M. Nakano, S. Zhang, H. Du, W. H. Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


The group of active suspensions with controllable actuating force is noted with their excellent performance in reducing vibrations, however, their demanding requirements for high power consumption and high cost as well as the highly potential instability issue have hindered their practical usage. Semi-active suspensions with controllable stiffness or damping are simple, stable and cost-efficient, but they cannot provide equivalent performance with active suspensions. By incorporating the negative stiffness mechanism into the semi-active suspension using a magnetorheological (MR) damper, this paper provides a solution to improving the vibration-reduction performance of the semi-active suspensions to the level achievable by active suspensions while avoiding the disadvantages of active control. The experimental results demonstrated that the new suspension has brought better vibration-reduction performance than the passive suspension and the conventional MR suspension, and that the vibration reduction performance is comparable with that of some of the active systems reported. Therefore, this new semi-active suspension using MR damper with negative stiffness component can be considered as a new generation of vibration control method given that it has led to a great advancement in semi-active vibration control technology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107071
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 15


  • MR damper
  • MR fluid
  • Negative stiffness
  • Semi-active suspension
  • Vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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