A ruthenium complex, porphyrin sensitizer, fullerene acceptor molecular pentad has been synthesized and a long-lived hole–electron pair was achieved in aqueous solution by photoinduced multistep electron transfer: Upon irradiation by visible light, the excited-state of a zinc porphyrin (1ZnP*) was quenched by fullerene (C60) to afford a radical ion pair, 1,3(ZnP.+-C60.−). This was followed by the subsequent electron transfer from a water oxidation catalyst unit (RuII) to ZnP.+ to give the long-lived charge-separated state, RuIII-ZnP-C60.−, with a lifetime of 14 μs. The ZnP worked as a visible-light-harvesting antenna, while the C60 acted as an excellent electron acceptor. As a consequence, visible-light-driven water oxidation by this integrated photosynthetic model compound was achieved in the presence of sacrificial oxidant and redox mediator.
- artificial photosynthesis
- molecular pentads
- photoinduced electron transfer
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