A rice (Oryza sativa L.) mutant having a low content of glutelin and a high content of prolamine

S. Iida, E. Amano, T. Nishio

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76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the mutant lines of rice that have been selected for morphological characters, one line, NM67, was found to have a low content of glutelin and a higher content of prolamine in its seed protein than other Japanese cultivars. This mutant is a semi-dwarf and partially sterile line, and its leaves turn yellow before heading. Genetic analysis after backcross to the original cultivar, ‘Nihonmasari’, revealed the following: (1) the character of low glutelin content was always accompanied by the character of high prolamine content; (2) the low glutelin (and high prolamine) character seemed to be manifested by a single dominant gene; and (3) semi-dwarfness, low fertility and early yellowing leaf of the mutant, which might also be pleiotropy, were controlled by a single recessive gene independent of the gene for protein content. The protein character of NM67 was genetically separated from semi-dwarfness and low fertility, and a new line having low glutelin content and high prolamine content with normal morphological characters comparable to those of the original cultivar was obtained from the progenies of the cross. The possible use of this line as a low protein rice cultivar is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-378
Number of pages5
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics: International Journal of Plant Breeding Research
Volume87
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Nov

Keywords

  • Glutelin
  • Mutation breeding
  • Oryza sativa
  • Prolamine
  • Rice
  • Seed protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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