A review of definitions and measurement scales for financial literacy

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Abstract

This paper examines the definitions and measurement scales for financial literacy presented in previous studies in order to develop a new financial literacy scale. The early definition of financial literacy basically meant "financial knowledge," but the latest definition has been extended to include or refer to consumers' financial behaviours, consumers' interactions with their social and economic environments, and the effect of cognitive biases on consumers' financial behaviours. On the other hand, conventional measurement scales for financial literacy are generally composed of declarative knowledge questions and numerical ability tests concerning personal finance. This paper addresses the fact that previous financial literacy scales have been based on the traditional concept of "Homo economicus". We suggest that it is necessary to develop a new financial literacy scale that is comprised of critical thinking disposition such as "awareness for logical thinking" or "evidence-based judgment".

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-668
Number of pages18
JournalShinrigaku Kenkyu
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Consumer education
  • Critical thinking
  • Financial education
  • Financial knowledge
  • Financial literacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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