A 66-year-old man with a history of diabetes and dilated cardiomyopathy underwent the implantation of a ventricular assist device (VAD) at the age of 62. He suffered from epigastralgia for a month and then visited our hospital with complaints of severe epigastralgia and hematemesis. A physical examination revealed abdominal distension without rigidity. Laboratory data showed severe systemic inflammation, multiple organ failure, and disseminated intravascular coagulation. Computed tomography showed multifocal thickness of the gastroduodenal wall with surrounding panniculitis, gas in a portal vein and a perigastric vein. Emergency esophago-gastro duodenoscopy (EGD) demonstrated a large erosion in the antrum of the stomach, and penetration surrounded by circumferentially ischemic mucosa in the second and third portions of the duodenum. Based on informed consent, conservative therapy was performed, and his condition improved enabling the start of oral intake on the 37th hospital day. However, 7 days later, there was a relapse of epigastralgia after a meal. Gastrointestinal series and EGD revealed a 10-mm-long pinhole-like stricture at the site. After laparoscopic gastro-jejunal bypass surgery, he has remained in a good condition for 2 years. We demonstrated a rare case of penetration due to severe ischemic duodenitis 4 years after VAD implantation.
- Ischemic duodenal penetration
- Ischemic duodenitis
- Ventricular assist devise
ASJC Scopus subject areas