A Rapidly Declining Transient Discovered with the Subaru/Hyper Suprime-Cam

Nozomu Tominaga, Tomoki Morokuma, Masaomi Tanaka, Naoki Yasuda, Hisanori Furusawa, Masayuki Tanaka, Ji An Jiang, Alexey Tolstov, Sergei Blinnikov, Mamoru Doi, Ikuru Iwata, Hanindyo Kuncarayakti, Takashi J. Moriya, Tohru Nagao, Ken'Ichi Nomoto, Junichi Noumaru, Tadafumi Takata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We perform a high-cadence transient survey with the Subaru Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC), which we call the Subaru HSC survey Optimized for Optical Transients (SHOOT). We conduct HSC imaging observations with time intervals of about one hour on two successive nights, and spectroscopic and photometric follow-up observations. A rapidly declining blue transient SHOOT14di at z = 0.4229 is found in observations on two successive nights using an image-subtraction technique. The rate of brightness change is +1.28_-0.27-+0.40 mag day -1 (+{1.83-0.39-+0.57 mag day -1) in the observer (rest) frame and the rest-frame color between 3400 and 4400 Å is {M}_{3400 rm A - M 4400\mathring A-0.4. The nature of the object is investigated by comparing its peak luminosity, decline rate, and color with those of transients and variables previously observed, and with those of theoretical models. None of the transients or variables share the same properties as SHOOT14di. Comparisons with theoretical models demonstrate that, while the emission from the cooling envelope of a SN IIb shows a slower decline rate than SHOOT14di, and the explosion of a red supergiant star with a dense circumstellar wind shows a redder color than SHOOT14di, the shock breakout at the stellar surface of the explosion of a 25 M red supergiant star with a small explosion energy of \leqslant 0.4× 10-51 erg reproduces the multicolor light curve of SHOOT14di. This discovery shows that a high-cadence, multicolor optical transient survey at intervals of about one hour, and continuous and immediate follow-up observations, is important for studies of normal core-collapse supernovae at high redshifts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1


  • radiative transfer
  • shock waves
  • stars: evolution
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (SHOOT14di)
  • surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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