A rapid, whole-tissue determination of the functional fraction of PSII after photoinhibition of leaves based on flash-induced P700 redox kinetics

Pasquale Losciale, Riichi Oguchi, Luke Hendrickson, Alexander B. Hope, Luca Corelli-Grappadelli, Wah Soon Chow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Assaying the number of functional PSII complexes by the oxygen yield from leaf tissue per saturating, single-turnover flash, assuming that each functional PSII evolves one oxygen molecule after four flashes, is one of the most direct methods but time-consuming. The ratio of variable to maximum Chl fluorescence yield (Fv/Fm) in leaves can be correlated with the oxygen yield per flash during a progressive loss of PSII activity associated with high-light stress and is rapid and non-intrusive, but suffers from being representative of chloroplasts near the measured leaf surface; consequently, the exact correlation depends on the internal leaf structure and on which leaf surface is being measured. Our results show that the average F v/Fm of the adaxial and abaxial surfaces has a reasonable linear correlation with the oxygen yield per flash after varied extents of photoinactivation of PSII. However, we obtained an even better linear correlation between (1) the integrated, transient electron flow (Σ) to P700+, the dimeric Chl cation in PSI, after superimposing a single-turnover flash on steady background far-red light and (2) the relative oxygen yield per flash. Leaves of C3 and C4 plants, woody and herbaceous species, wild-type and a Chl-b-less mutant, and monocot and dicot plants gave a single straight line, which seems to be a universal relation for predicting the relative oxygen yield per flash from Σ. Measurement of Σ is non-intrusive, representative of the whole leaf tissue, rapid and applicable to attached leaves; it may even be applicable in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume132
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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