A randomized controlled trial of the group reminiscence approach in patients with vascular dementia

Tomoko Ito, Kenichi Meguro, Kyoko Akanuma, Hiroshi Ishii, Etsuro Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the beneficial effect of the group reminiscence approach (GRA) in patients with vascular dementia on the aspect of cognitive and observed behavioral parameters. Methods: Sixty patients who were diagnosed to have vascular dementia were randomly assigned to three arms: group reminiscence arm, social contact arm, and control arm. A 1-hour session of GRA and social contact was given once a week for 3 months to the group reminiscence and the social contact arm, respectively. Only supportive care was given in the control arm. Improvement in cognitive function and behavioral activities were defined as the primary outcome. Results: No significant improvements in the main outcome measures were demonstrated. Conclusion: These results do not support the hypothesis that GRA is beneficial to patients with vascular dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalDementia and geriatric cognitive disorders
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun

Keywords

  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Group reminiscence approach
  • Nonpharmacological intervention
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • Vascular dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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