A quantitative morphological analysis of three-dimensional CT coxal bone images of contemporary Japanese using homologous models for sex and age estimation

Hitoshi Biwasaka, Yasuhiro Aoki, Yusuke Takahashi, Mamiko Fukuta, Akihito Usui, Yoshiyuki Hosokai, Haruo Saito, Masato Funayama, Sachiko Fujita, Masataka Takamiya, Koji Dewa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Sexual dimorphisms and age-dependent morphological features of the human coxal bone were quantitatively analyzed using homologous models created from three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography images of the pelvis (male: 514 samples, female: 388 samples, age 16–100). Bilateral average coxal images of each sex and age decade were generated separately through principle component analyses (PCA). By measuring average point-to-point distances of 8472 corresponding points (average corresponding point differences [ACPDs]) between each homologous coxal image and the average images, the sex of more than 93% of the samples was correctly assigned. Some principal components (PCs) detected in PCA of the homologous models of the samples correlated fairly well with age and are affected by features of the curvature of the iliac crest, the arcuate line and the greater sciatic notch. Moreover, separate PCA using the average images of each age decade successfully detected the first PCs, which were strongly correlated with age. However, neither multiple regression analysis using PCs related to age nor comparison of ACPDs with the average images of each age decade could produce accurate results for age decade assignment of unknown (blind) samples. Therefore, more detailed analysis of age-dependent morphological features would be necessary for actual age estimation. In addition, some laterality or left and right shape difference of the coxal bone images was also elucidated, and was more significant in females. Analysis of 3D structures using homologous models and PCA appears to be a potential technique to detect subsistent morphological changes of bones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalLegal Medicine
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb

Keywords

  • Age-dependent morphological change
  • Coxal bone
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Homologous models
  • Principle component analysis
  • Sex estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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