A psychological scale for general impressions of humanoids

Hiroko Kamide, Yasushi Mae, Koji Kawabe, Satoshi Shigemi, Tatsuo Arai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study identifies the basic general perspectives that ordinary people use to evaluate humanoids (Study 1). In addition, it develops a new psychological scale to quantify general impressions regarding humanoids based on these basic perspectives (Study 2). In Study 1, to discover the basic perspectives toward humanoids, we used 11 humanoids and collected data from 919 Japanese people ranging from teenagers to people in their 70s in three big cities. We asked people to describe their impressions in free text about the robots. Five psychologists analyzed the qualitative data to categorize all the descriptions into several categories. Then, we made the items based on the obtained descriptions to construct a new psychological scale for evaluating general impressions regarding humanoids. In Study 2, we asked 2,624 Japanese who did not participate in Study 1 to evaluate 11 humanoids on the developed scale. Factor analysis showed that nine factors should be used for evaluating the general impressions regarding humanoids: Familiarity, Repulsion, Performance, Utility, Motion, Sound, Voice, Humanness, and Entitativity. The factor structure is clear and its reliability as a psychological scale is satisfactorily high. Finally, we discuss the usability of the new scale.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2012
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4030-4037
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781467314039
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1
Event 2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2012 - Saint Paul, MN, United States
Duration: 2012 May 142012 May 18

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Other

Other 2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2012
CountryUnited States
CitySaint Paul, MN
Period12/5/1412/5/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Kamide, H., Mae, Y., Kawabe, K., Shigemi, S., & Arai, T. (2012). A psychological scale for general impressions of humanoids. In 2012 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2012 (pp. 4030-4037). [6224790] (Proceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICRA.2012.6224790