Element I, homologous to the adenovirus type 5 E1A enhancer core, is a 10-bp sequence in the A core of the polyomavirus enhancer and was shown previously to be responsive to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). We found that element I by itself was capable of activating polyomavirus DNA replication in COP-5 cells which express the polyomavirus large T antigen. A nuclear factor, polyomavirus enhancer-binding protein 5 (PEBP5), which bound to the entire sequence of element I and was responsive to TPA was identified by an in vitro binding assay. Although the binding site of PEBP5 partly overlaps with that of PEBP1 (PEA1), a member of the AP-1 family, PEBP5 appears to be a distinct factor. Since we previously showed that element I alone was able to activate transcription, our present results suggest that PEBP5 is involved in the regulation of both transcription and replication of DNA. The amount of PEBP5 increased after F9 cells were induced to differentiate by retinoic acid. A relatively large amount of PEBP5 was detected in lymphoid and trophoblast cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science