A phase II study of carboplatin plus weekly paclitaxel with bevacizumab for elderly patients with non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NEJ016)

Satoru Miura, Makoto Maemondo, Akira Iwashima, Toshiyuki Harada, Shunichi Sugawara, Kunihiko Kobayashi, Akira Inoue, Taku Nakagawa, Yuichi Takiguchi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Takashi Ishida, Masaki Terada, Hiroshi Kagamu, Akihiko Gemma, Hirohisa Yoshizawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer remain controversial. This study focused on both selecting fit elderly patients and overcoming interpatient variability with respect to pharmacodynamics. Methods Elderly (age: ≥70 years) patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer were enrolled. Patients with uncontrolled congestive heart failure and uncontrolled diabetes were excluded. The treatment regimen comprised carboplatin at an area under the curve of 5 mg/ml/min on day 1, paclitaxel at 90 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8, and bevacizumab at 15 mg/kg on day 1 every 21 days for up to 4 cycles, followed by maintenance bevacizumab. Dose reduction due to side effects was performed, with a wide range of doses of paclitaxel from 23 mg/m2/week to 60 mg/m2/week. Results Of the 36 patients entered, 38.9% required a dose reduction or cancellation of paclitaxel administration on day 8, and 75% patients were able to complete 4 cycles of triplet therapy. The response rate, primary endpoint, was 69.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 51.9–83.7). The median progression free survival and overall survival were 8.4 months and 29.2 months, respectively. The most common adverse events included neutropenia, hypertension, anemia, and infection. Although Grade ≥ 3 adverse events were observed in 24 patients (66.7%), there were no deaths due to toxicity. Conclusion Carboplatin plus weekly paclitaxel with bevacizumab is a feasible, effective first-line regimen for elderly non-small cell lung cancer patients. (UMIN00006622).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-234
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Bevacizumab
  • Elderly patients
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Non-squamous histology
  • Patient selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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