A novel strategy utilizing ultrasound for antigen delivery in dendritic cell-based cancer immunotherapy

Ryo Suzuki, Yusuke Oda, Naoki Utoguchi, Eisuke Namai, Yuichiro Taira, Naoki Okada, Norimitsu Kadowaki, Tetsuya Kodama, Katsuro Tachibana, Kazuo Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer immunotherapy, it is important that DCs present peptides derived from tumor-associated antigens on MHC class I, and activate tumor-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). However, MHC class I generally present endogenous antigens expressed in the cytosol. We therefore developed an innovative approach capable of directly delivering exogenous antigens into the cytosol of DCs; i.e., a MHC class I-presenting pathway. In this study, we investigated the effect of antigen delivery using perfluoropropane gas-entrapping liposomes (Bubble liposomes, BLs) and ultrasound (US) exposure on MHC class I presentation levels in DCs, as well as the feasibility of using this antigen delivery system in DC-based cancer immunotherapy. DCs were treated with ovalbumin (OVA) as a model antigen, BLs and US exposure. OVA was directly delivered into the cytosol but not via the endocytosis pathway, and OVA-derived peptides were presented on MHC class I. This result indicates that exogenous antigens can be recognized as endogenous antigens when delivered into the cytosol. Immunization with DCs treated with OVA, BLs and US exposure efficiently induced OVA-specific CTLs and resulted in the complete rejection of E.G7-OVA tumors. These data indicate that the combination of BLs and US exposure is a promising antigen delivery system in DC-based cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-205
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume133
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 10

Keywords

  • Antigen delivery system
  • Cancer immunotherapy
  • Dendritic cells
  • Liposomes
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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