Cerebral, ocular, dental, auricular, skeletal (CODAS) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disorder caused by mutations in LONP1. It is characterized by intellectual disability, cataracts, delayed tooth eruption, malformed auricles and skeletal abnormalities. We performed whole-exome sequencing on a 12-year-old Japanese male with severe intellectual disability, congenital bilateral cataracts, spasticity, hypotonia with motor regression and progressive cerebellar atrophy with hyperintensity of the cerebellar cortex on T2-weighted images. We detected compound heterozygous mutation in LONP1. One allele contained a paternally inherited frameshift mutation (p.Ser100Glnfs∗46). The other allele contained a maternally inherited missense mutation (p.Arg786Trp), which was predicted to be pathogenic by web-based prediction tools. The two mutations were not found in Exome Variant Server or our 575 in-house control exomes. Some features were not consistent with CODAS syndrome but overlapped with Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, a multisystem disorder caused by a mutation in SIL1. An atypical mutation site may result in atypical presentation of the LONP1 mutation.
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