A novel device for left atrial appendage exclusion: The third-generation atrial exclusion device

Hideyuki Fumoto, A. Marc Gillinov, Yoshio Ootaki, Masatoshi Akiyama, Diyar Saeed, Tetsuya Horai, Chiyo Ootaki, D. Geoffrey Vince, Zoran B. Popović, Raymond Dessoffy, Alex Massiello, Jacquelyn Catanese, Kiyotaka Fukamachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Occlusion of the left atrial appendage is proposed to reduce the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The third-generation atrial exclusion device, modified to provide uniform distribution of pressure at appendage exclusion, was assessed for safety and effectiveness in a canine model and compared with a surgical stapler. Methods: The atrial exclusion device consists of 2 parallel, straight, rigid titanium tubes and 2 nitinol springs with a knit-braided polyester fabric. Fourteen mongrel dogs were implanted with the device at the base of the left atrial appendage via a median sternotomy. In each dog, the right atrial appendage was stapled with a commercial apparatus for comparison. The animals were evaluated at 7 days (n = 3), 30 days (n = 5), and 90 days (n = 6) after implantation by epicardial echocardiography, left atrial and coronary angiography, gross pathology, and histology. Results: Left atrial appendage exclusion was complete and achieved without hemodynamic instability, and coronary angiography revealed that the left circumflex artery was patent in all cases. A new endothelial tissue layer developed on the occluded orifice of the left atrium 90 days after implantation. This endothelial layer was not evident on the stapled right atrial appendage. Conclusion: In dogs, the third-generation atrial exclusion device achieved easy, reliable, and safe exclusion of the left atrial appendage with favorable histologic results. Clinical application could provide a new therapeutic option for reducing the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1027
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume136
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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