A novel colorimetric assay for CXCR4 and CCR5 tropic human immunodeficiency viruses

Keiko Kajiwara, Eiichi Kodama, Masao Matsuoka

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The majority of HIV isolated from infected patients uses CCR5 as a coreceptor (R5-HIV). Although R5-HIV fails to replicate efficiently in human transformed T-cell lines, HIV using CXCR4 (X4-HIV) can replicate well in such cell lines. Therefore, most of screening systems using the T-cell lines detect only X4-HIV replication. Here we report a new assay to monitor the replication of R5- as well as X4-HIV. An MTT assay using CD4-, CXCR4-, and CCR5-transduced human glioma NP-2 cells (NCK45 cells) was established and then compared with the representative assays including multinuclear activation of a galactosidase indicator assay (MAGI assay). The antiviral activities of not only an adsorption inhibitor and reverse transcriptase inhibitors but also a Tat antagonist in the NCK45 cells, were comparable to those obtained from the MTT assay using MT-4 cells or the MAGI assay. However, the activity of protease inhibitors (PIs) was underestimated, even though expressions of major multidrug resistant genes involved in efflux of PIs were comparable in MT-2, NP-2, and NCK45 cells. After cultivation of more than 6 months, NCK45 cells remained susceptible to HIV infection since NCK45 cells consistently expressed CD4, CXCR4, and CCR5. On the other hand, MAGI cells lost the CD4 expression during culture. Thus, this assay system can stably detect the replication of both X4- and R5-HIV, indicating that it should be useful for the evaluation of HIV replication and drug susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalAntiviral Chemistry and Chemotherapy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • CCR5
  • CXCR4
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • MTT Assay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Virology


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