Mouse malignant T-lymphoma CS-21 cells can survive and proliferate in vitro when co-cultured with CA-12 stromal cells isolated from lymph nodes, but CS-21 cells undergo apoptotic cell death with DNA fragmentation when cultured alone. We immunized vats with CS-21 cells and raised monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that recognized Thy-1 (CD90) or CD45 protein. The majority of these MAbs were able to inhibit the adhesion and apoptosis of CS-21 cells. When anti-Thy-1 MAbs were examined for their recognition site on Thy-1 glycoprotein, one of them, MCS-34, was found to recognize both Thy-1.1 and Thy-1.2. In addition, MCS-34, just like the anti-Thy-1 MAb G7, recognized the Thy-1A epitope. G7 was known to induce apoptosis in some T-cell hybridomas and in thymocytes. In CS-21 cells, however, G7 could not induce apoptosis, but MCS-34 could. Interestingly, MCS-34 enhanced the expression of bcl-2 protein, in spite of its ability to induce apoptosis. Upon examining the apoptosis-inducing mechanisms of MCS-34, we found that it promoted a sustained increase in cytoplasmic-free calcium in CS-21 cells. Calcium ionophore A23187 was also found to induce apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that a sustained increase in cytoplasmic-free calcium by MCS-34 induces apoptosis in CS-21 cells in spite of bcl-2 protein expression.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 May 16|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research