Human Cripto-1 (CR-1) is a member of the epidermal growth factor-Cripto FRL1 Cryptic family that has been shown to function as a coreceptor with the type I Activin serine-threonine kinase receptor ALK4 for the transforming growth factor β-related peptide Nodal. However, CR-1 can also activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase and Akt pathways independently of Nodal and ALK4 by an unknown mechanism. Here, we demonstrate that CR-1 specifically binds to Glypican-1, a membrane-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycan, and activates the tyrosine kinase c-Src, triggering the mitogen-activated protein kinase and Akt signaling pathways. Finally, an active Src kinase is necessary for CR-1 to induce in vitro transformation and migration in mouse mammary epithelial cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Mar 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research