A new high-pressure strontium germanate, SrGe2O5

Akihiko Nakatsuka, Kazumasa Sugiyama, Makio Ohkawa, Osamu Ohtaka, Keiko Fujiwara, Akira Yoshiasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The Sr-Ge-O system has an earth-scientific importance as a potentially good low-pressure analog of the Ca-Si-O system, one of the major components in the constituent minerals of the Earth's crust and mantle. However, it is one of the germanate systems that has not yet been fully examined in the phase relations and structural properties. The recent findings that the SrGeO3 high-pressure perovskite phase is the first Ge-based transparent electronic conductor make the Sr-Ge-O system interesting in the field of materials science. In the present study, we have revealed the existence of a new high-pressure strontium germanate, SrGe2O5. Single crystals of this compound crystallized as a co-existent phase with SrGeO3 perovskite single crystals in the sample recovered in the compression experiment of SrGeO3 pseudowollastonite conducted at 6 GPa and 1223 K. The crystal structure consists of germanium-oxygen framework layers stacked along [001], with Sr atoms located at the 12-coordinated cubocta-hedral site; the layers are formed by the corner linkages between GeO6 octa-hedra and between GeO6 octa-hedra and GeO4 tetra-hedra. The present SrGe2O5 is thus isostructural with the high-pressure phases of SrSi2O5 and BaGe2O5. Comparison of these three compounds leads to the conclusion that the structural responses of the GeO6 and GeO4 polyhedra to cation substitution at the Sr site are much less than that of the SrO12 cubocta-hedron to cation substitution at the Ge sites. Such a difference in the structural response is closely related to the bonding nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)716-719
Number of pages4
JournalActa Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Keywords

  • SrGeO
  • cation size
  • covalency
  • crystal structure
  • high-pressure phase
  • materials science
  • single-crystal X-ray diffraction
  • strontium germanate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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