A new approach to detect and size closed cracks by ultrasonics

M. Saka, E. Schneider, P. Höller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of a crack on time-of-flight of shear waves (4.5 MHz) polarized in perpendicular (t) and parallel (t{norm of matrix}) directions to the crack surface, propagating parallel to the direction of crack growth is investigated. The first and second back-wall echoes are used instead of the weak crack-tip echo for the measurement of time-of-flight. The measurement is made for fatigue cracks grown by different loading histories in ferritic steel (pressure vessel steel A533B-1) under the condition of no loading. The normalized time-of-flight (t-t{norm of matrix})/t at the crack position is found to change proportionally as the ratio of crack depth to specimen width increases. The change is mainly due to the effect of plastic deformation occurring around the crack on t{norm of matrix}. It is shown that the depth of tightly closed fatigue crack in austenitic stainless steel (AISI 304) also can be evaluated under the condition of no loading by using this relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Nondestructive Evaluation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jun

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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