A multilayered sheet-type device capable of sustained drug release and deployment control

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Minimally invasive delivery of a sustained drug release device to the body is a promising approach for treating chronic conditions such as retinal diseases. Herein, we describe a sheet-type device capable of sustained drug release and deployment control after being applied to the body through a small opened hole via a syringe-type injector. Such device consists of a four-layered structure of thin photopolymerized sheets, which are in turn made of different ratios of a mixture of polyethylene glycol dimethacrylate (PEGDM) and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDM). A layer containing a model drug, i.e., fluorescein, was sandwiched between a controlled release and guard layer to achieve sustained unidirectional drug release. A deployment layer was then attached onto the guard layer to control the curvature of the device following deployment. The sheet-type device was sufficiently flexible to be rolled up and could be inserted into a syringe-type injector. When the device was injected into the subconjunctival space of a rabbit eye through a small opened hole, it unfolded to fit the eyeball curvature. Moreover, homogenates of the choroid/retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) as well as the retina exhibited fluorescence during 4 weeks after implantation, confirming that the drug could be delivered to the retina by using the device. This developed sheet-type device offers the possibility of achieving minimally invasive transplantation into diseased tissues and organs, and could provide improved therapeutic modalities as well as reduce possible side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number60
JournalBiomedical microdevices
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Drug delivery system
  • Injectable
  • Ocular tissue
  • Retina
  • Sheet-type device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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