A molecular dynamics study of bubble nucleation in liquid oxygen with impurities

Shin Ichi Tsuda, Takashi Tokumasu, Kenjiro Kamijo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigates bubble nucleation in liquid oxygen with dissolved impurities (nitrogen or helium molecules) using molecular dynamics simulations. When the mole fraction of impurities is 0.05, there is a fundamental difference in the bubble nucleation mechanism between the two dissolved impurities cases; vaporization in the homogeneous bulk makes a bubble in the case of a nitrogen-dissolved liquid while phase separation of impurities and liquid molecules makes a nucleus in the case of a helium-dissolved liquid. Fluctuations can cause local voids, which in turn can grow to be bubbles, and this effect is stronger in the case of a helium-dissolved liquid with a lower mole fraction (0.01) than in the case of a nitrogen-dissolved liquid with a higher mole fraction (0.05). From these results, we conclude that helium molecules have a much stronger action to raise the bubble formation pressure compared with nitrogen. In this paper, the kinetically-defined critical nucleus, which is a very important factor in quantitatively evaluating the nucleation mechanism, is also estimated through the calculation of the size change rate of each nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-526
Number of pages13
JournalHeat Transfer - Asian Research
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Bubble
  • Cavitation
  • Cryogenics
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Nucleation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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