A modular robot driven by protoplasmic streaming

Takuya Umedachi, Taichi Kitamura, Koichi Takeda, Toshiyuki Nakagaki, Ryo Kobayashi, Akio Ishiguro

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-reconfigurable robots are expected to exhibit various interesting abilities, such as adaptivity and fault tolerance. These remarkable abilities originate from the fact that their mechanical systems intrinsically possess very large degrees of freedom. This, however, causes a serious problem, i.e., controllability. To overcome this, autonomous decentralized control is expected to play a crucial role, as widely observed in living organisms. However, much is still not understood about how such decentralized control can be achieved. This is mainly because the logic connecting local behaviors to global behaviors is still not understood. In this study, we particularly focus on a very primitive living organism, slime mold (physarum polycepharum), since it is believed to employ a fully decentralized control based on coupled biochemical oscillators. We modeled a decentralized control algorithm based on coupled nonlinear oscillators and then implement this into a two-dimensional modular robot consisting of incompressible fluid (i.e., protoplasm) covered with an outer skin composed of a network of passive and realtime tunable springs. Preliminary simulation results showed that this modular robot exhibits significantly supple locomotion similar to amoeboid locomotion and that the exploitation of the "long-distant interaction" stemming from "the law of conservation of protoplasmic mass" performs some of the "computation" that the controller would otherwise have to carry out. As a consequence, adaptive amoeboid locomotion emerges without the need for any centralized control system. The results obtained are also expected to shed new light on how control and mechanical systems with large degrees of freedom should be coupled.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDistributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8
Pages193-202
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event9th International Symposia on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems, DARS 2008 - Tsukuba, Japan
Duration: 2008 Nov 172008 Nov 19

Publication series

NameDistributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8

Other

Other9th International Symposia on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems, DARS 2008
CountryJapan
CityTsukuba
Period08/11/1708/11/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Umedachi, T., Kitamura, T., Takeda, K., Nakagaki, T., Kobayashi, R., & Ishiguro, A. (2009). A modular robot driven by protoplasmic streaming. In Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8 (pp. 193-202). (Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00644-9-17