A model for ocular dominance plasticity controlled by feedforward and feedback inhibition

Ichiro Sakurai, Shigeru Kubota, Michio Niwano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The maturation of inhibitory transmission through γ- aminobutyric acid (GABA) is required to induce ocular dominance (OD) plasticity in the visual cortex. However, only circuits that are mediated by specific GABAA receptors can selectively elicit OD plasticity, implying a role of local circuits involved in GABA inhibition in this process. In this study, in order to theoretically examine the effects of such local pathways associated with cortical inhibition on the induction of OD plasticity, we compared synaptic modification dynamics regulated by feedforward inhibition and those regulated by feedback inhibition. Feedforward inhibition facilitated competitive interactions between different groups of inputs conveying correlated activities, which were required for the emergence of experience-dependent plasticity. Conversely, feedback inhibition suppressed competitive interactions and prevented synapses from reflecting past sensory experience. Our results suggest that the balance between feedforward and feedback inhibition regulates the timing and level of cortical plasticity by modulating competition among synapses. This result suggests an importance of activity-dependent competition in experience-dependent OD plasticity, which is in line with the results of previous experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1780-1786
Number of pages7
JournalIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
VolumeE97-A
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug

Keywords

  • GABA
  • STDP
  • Synaptic competition
  • Visual cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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