A method for determination of methyl chloride concentration in air trapped in ice cores

Takuya Saito, Yoko Yokouchi, Shuji Aoki, Takakiyo Nakazawa, Yoshiyuki Fujii, Okitsugu Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A method for measuring the concentration of methyl chloride (CH3Cl) in air trapped in an ice core was developed. The method combines the air extraction by milling the ice core samples under vacuum and the analysis of the extracted air with a cryogenic preconcentration/gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry system. The method was applied to air from Antarctic ice core samples estimated to have been formed in the pre-industrial and/or early industrial periods. The overall precision of the method deduced from duplicate ice core analyses was estimated to be better than ±20 pptv. The measured CH3Cl concentration of 528 ± 26 pptv was similar to the present-day concentration in the remote atmosphere as well as the CH3Cl concentration over the past 300 years obtained from Antarctic firn air and ice core analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1213
Number of pages5
JournalChemosphere
Volume63
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May

Keywords

  • Antarctica
  • Gas chromatography
  • Methyl halide
  • Paleoclimate
  • Stratospheric ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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