Paired basic residues are known as a typical site for proteolytic processing of precursors of bioactive peptides. By using a fluorogenic substrate Boc-Gln-Arg-Arg-MCA, a unique endoprotease exhibiting hydrolytic specificity toward the carboxyl side of paired basic residues was partially purified (about 4600-fold) from the membrane fraction of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae α-cells. The enzyme is a calcium-dependent thiol protease, with optimal pH at 7.0. It is a glycoprotein, with an apparent molecular weight of about 100,000-120,000. It cleaves fluorogenic substrates and a synthetic model peptide at the carboxyl side of paired basic residues. From its unique substrate specificity, this enzyme may be involved in precursor processing in vivo.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and biophysical research communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1987 Apr 29|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology