A measurement study on the indoor climate of a college classroom

Shuzhao Liu, Hiroshi Yoshino, Akashi Mochida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


To clarify the indoor climate in Japanese college classrooms, an air-conditioned, mechanically ventilated classroom of a university was surveyed. Temperatures, humidity and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration in winter and summer were measured before, during and after lessons. The airtightness of the room and the airflow rate of the ventilation system were also measured. In winter, at an outdoor air temperature around 0 °C and with the thermostat temperature of the air conditioners set to 30 °C, the vertical difference in room air temperature exceeded 10 °C. The relative humidity (RH) was about 30% during lesson hours. After half an hour of occupancy, the CO2 concentration exceeded 1500 ppm in the respiration zone. It subsequently reached 2500 ppm, as measured within the respiration zone at half room height, after a continued 1.5 hours of occupancy. No special thermal or humidity problems were found in the summer survey. However, the CO2 level was very close to that of winter. The CO2 concentration decays indicated that the air change rate was 0.82 to 0.87 ac/h, which satisfied the Japanese criterion of 0.3 ac/h for the prevention of formaldehyde, yet it was far below the national criterion of 4.4 ac/h for college classrooms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-262
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Ventilation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1


  • Air change rate
  • CO
  • Classroom
  • Humidity
  • IAQ
  • Measurement
  • Temperature
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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